Summit Lake Colorado U.S.A - elev 13000ft (photo by Brendon Crook)
Mountain Goat on summit of Mount Evans Colorado U.S.A - elev 14000ft
(photo by Brendon Crook)
Today is international mountain day.
A rather unusual geological feature to have a day for you may think, however mountains contain many very important eco-systems.
These differing eco-system levels are called altitudinal zonations and occurs where different environmental conditions change due to elevation and location.
These vary according to where the mountains are located and can range from flora and fauna the same as the surrounding areas to near desolation towards the peaks with species adapting to the biomes they inhabit.
The resilience of life to adapt is truly remarkable.
Mountains are formed in two ways.
One is by earths tectonic plates pushing together and forcing the earth upwards. The other is a volcanic mountain which is formed when molten rock inside the earth erupts through the crust.
Mountains are also formed under water — again by tectonic plates or volcanic action which are called seamounts. If a seamount breaks the surface of the ocean it becomes a volcanic island.
Although mountains look permanent they do in fact level over time.
Mountains make up one fifth of the worlds landscape and about 80% of fresh water originates from mountain sources.
Mountains hold a special place in humanity's heart. They are an inspiration to many a painter and poet and aspiring mountain climber.
Even people not particularly drawn to nature can find moments of awe upon being confronted with a mountain in all its grandeur and imposing silent majesty.
Below are some interesting links on mountains:
KIDS NATURE CORNER
Here are some really interesting facts on mountains:
By Brendon Crook